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Laboratory analysis

Generally speaking, after being seen by your physician for a health problem or simply for an annual check-up, he/she will prescribe medical laboratory tests to you.

These tests will enable the assessment of your health condition and will provide the physician with hints on the diagnosis that should possibly be given. These blood and urine tests will also enable him/her to draw up a breakdown of potential diseases and to adjust the dosage of your drugs, if necessary.

Please note that a medical prescription is mandatory for all blood tests or medical examinations.

THE MOST OFTEN REQUIRED BLOOD TESTS

THE MOST OFTEN REQUIRED BLOOD TESTS

ENDOCRINE TESTS

  • TSH
  • T4
  • T3
  • APS
  • FSH
  • LH
  • Total testosterone
  • Progesterone
  • Estradiol (Estrogens)
  • Bio-available testosterone
  • Prolactin
  • Quantitative beta HCG
  • qualitative beta HCG
  • Cortisol AM
  • Cortisol PM
  • and others

The endocrine tests may be required by a general physician or by an endocrinologist (a specialist in the endocrine system) upon examining the thyroid function before or after menopause, within a fertility report or within mere andrology tests.

All the endocrine tests explore the endocrine diseases related to the hormones or to the glands of the human being. The main glands or organs of the endocrine system are the surrenal glands, the thyroid gland, the thymus, the pituitary gland, the pineal gland, the testicles, the ovaries and the pancreas. The hormones may be either too many or too few in humans.

Here is a list of various endocrine diseases :

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Addison’s disease
  • Diabetes
  • Goitre disease
  • Sexual hormone disorders

MICROBIOLOGICAL TESTS

  • Throat culture
  • Rapid Strep test
  • Vaginal culture
  • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
  • Clostridium difficile
  • Eggs and parasites in the feces
  • and others.

The bacteriological or microbiological tests relate to the identification of such microorganisms as the bacteria, the fungi, and/or parasites that can be found in throat secretions vaginal secretions, feces and so on.

BIOCHEMICAL TESTS

  • Glucose
  • Uric acid
  • Albumin
  • Apolipoprotein A
  • Apolipoprotein B
  • Total bilirubin
  • Creatinine
  • Calcium
  • Electrolytes (K)
  • Electrolytes (NA, CL)
  • GGT
  • Protein electrophoresis
  • Total iron
  • Ferritin
  • Fibrinogen
  • Transferrin
  • Haptoglobin
  • Total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)
  • Total proteins
  • ALK (alkaline phosphatase)
  • C reactive protein
  • Total cholesterol
  • Triglycerides
  • HDL cholesterol
  • LDL cholesterol
  • Bicarbonate
  • Creatine kinase
  • Creatinine clearance
  • Urea
  • Troponin
  • Microalbumin
  • Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
  • Amylase
  • Lipase
  • Lactate dehydrogenase (LD / LDH)
  • Magnesium
  • and others

The biochemical tests are based on the components of the individual’s own biological fluids. These biological fluids, upon being analyzed in a medical biology laboratory, can be composed of blood, urine and others.

The biochemical examinations enable several diseases to be monitored and diagnosed. The biochemistry tests can be performed starting with a blood test, a urine test and so forth.

SEROLOGY TESTS

  • Hepatitis A – antibodies and antigens
  • Hepatitis B – antibodies and antigens
  • HIV
  • (Anti-HCV) Hepatitis C
  • Human T-Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV)
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgG and IgM
  • Syphilis (VDRL)
  • Toxoplasmosis IgG and IgM
  • Rubella
  • Rheumatoid factor (RAT, RA, RF)
  • C reactive ptotein (CRPA)
  • Parvovirus IgG and IgM
  • Antinuclear antibodies
  • and many more others.

The serology blood tests are performed using the blood serum, which is a yellow biological liquid. The serology tests enable checking the immunity of an individual when exposed to diseases (for instance IgG- and IgM-type specific antibodies) or the immunity induced by a vaccine (for instance Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B).

The IgG antibodies reflect the level of antibodies present in the blood and help the body protect itself against bacterial and viral infections.

When you leave Canada for travel purposes, subject to the countries that you are about to visit you must be sure that you have the necessary immunity or a sufficient number of antibodies to protect yourself against certain diseases, such as hepatitis – Hepatitis A or Hepatitis B. If you don’t, you must see a doctor several months prior to your departure to receive the necessary vaccines.

It is essential for you to go to a doctor and get a medical prescription in order to assess serology blood counts, thereby checking your immunity against certain diseases. The serology tests may also be of help for establishing the diagnosis of certain autoimmune diseases.

COAGULATION TESTS (HEMOSTASIS)

  • PT
  • INR
  • TPT
  • Fibrinogen
  • and others